Storing simple large objects in the tblspace or a separate blobspace

When you create a simple-large-object column on magnetic disk, you have the option of storing the column data in the tblspace or in a separate blobspace. You can often improve performance by storing simple-large-object data in a separate blobspace, and by storing smart large objects and user-defined data in sbspaces.

In the following example, a TEXT value is stored in the tblspace, and a BYTE value is stored in a blobspace named rasters:
CREATE TABLE examptab 
   pic_id SERIAL,
   pic_desc TEXT IN TABLE,
   pic_raster BYTE IN rasters
For information about storing simple-large-object data in a separate blobspace, see Estimating pages that simple large objects occupy.

A TEXT or BYTE value is always stored apart from the rows of the table; only a 56-byte descriptor is stored with the row. However, a simple large object occupies at least one disk page. The simple large object to which the descriptor points can reside in the same set of extents on disk as the table rows (in the same tblspace) or in a separate blobspace.

When simple large objects are stored in the tblspace, the pages of their data are interspersed among the pages that contain rows, which can greatly increase the size of the table. When the database server reads only the rows and not the simple large objects, the disk arm must move farther than when the blobpages are stored apart. The database server scans only the row pages in the following situations:
  • When it performs any SELECT operation that does not retrieve a simple-large-object column
  • When it uses a filter expression to test rows

Another consideration is that disk I/O to and from a dbspace is buffered in shared memory of the database server. Pages are stored in case they are needed again soon, and when pages are written, the requesting program can continue before the actual disk write takes place. However, because blobspace data is expected to be voluminous, disk I/O to and from blobspaces is not buffered, and the requesting program is not allowed to proceed until all output has been written to the blobspace.

For best performance, store a simple-large-object column in a blobspace in either of the following circumstances:
  • When single data items are larger than one or two pages each
  • When the number of pages of TEXT or BYTE data is more than half the number of pages of row data

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