Page locks

Page locking is the default mode when you create a table without the LOCK MODE clause. With page locking, instead of locking only the row, the database server locks the entire page that contains the row. If you update several rows on the same page, the database server uses only one lock for the page.

When you insert or update a row, the database server creates a page lock on the data page. In some cases, the database server creates a page lock when you simply read the row with a SELECT statement.

When you insert, update, or delete a key (performed automatically when you insert, update, or delete a row), the database server creates a lock on the page that contains the key in the index.
Important: A page lock on an index page can decrease concurrency more substantially than a page lock on a data page. Index pages are dense and hold a large number of keys. By locking an index page, you make a potentially large number of keys unavailable to other users until you release the lock. Tables that use page locks cannot support the USELASTCOMMITTED concurrency feature, which is described in the Committed Read isolation section.

Page locks are useful for tables in which the normal user changes a large number of rows at one time. For example, an orders table that holds orders that are commonly inserted and queried individually is not a good candidate for page locking. But a table that holds old orders and is updated nightly with all of the orders placed during the day might be a good candidate. In this case, the type of isolation level that you use to access the table is important. For more information, see Isolation level.

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