Estimating tables with fixed-length rows

You can estimate the size (in pages) of a table with fixed-length rows. A table with fixed-length rows has no columns of the VARCHAR or NVARCHAR data type.

Perform the following steps to estimate the size (in pages) of a table with fixed-length rows.

To estimate the page size, row size, number of rows, and number of data pages:

  1. Use onstat -b to obtain the size of a page.

    The buffer size field in the last line of this output displays the page size.

  2. Subtract 28 from this amount to account for the header that appears on each data page. The resulting amount is referred to as pageuse.
  3. To calculate the size of a row, add the widths of all the columns in the table definition. TEXT and BYTE columns each use 56 bytes. If you have already created your table, you can use the following SQL statement to obtain the size of a row:
    SELECT rowsize FROM systables WHERE tabname = 
       'table-name';
  4. Estimate the number of rows that the table is expected to contain. This number is referred to as rows. The procedure for calculating the number of data pages that a table requires differs depending on whether the row size is less than or greater than pageuse.
  5. If the size of the row is less than or equal to pageuse, use the following formula to calculate the number of data pages. The trunc() function notation indicates that you are to round down to the nearest integer.
    data_pages = rows / trunc(pageuse/(rowsize + 4))

    The maximum number of rows per page is 255, regardless of the size of the row.

    Important: Although the maximum size of a row that the database server accepts is approximately 32 kilobytes, performance degrades when a row exceeds the size of a page. For information about breaking up wide tables for improved performance, see Denormalize the data model to improve performance.
  6. If the size of the row is greater than pageuse, the database server divides the row between pages. The page that contains the initial portion of a row is called the home page. Pages that contains subsequent portions of a row are called remainder pages. If a row spans more than two pages, some of the remainder pages are completely filled with data from that row. When the trailing portion of a row uses less than a page, it can be combined with the trailing portions of other rows to fill out the partial remainder page. The number of data pages is the sum of the home pages, the full remainder pages, and the partial remainder pages.
    1. Calculate the number of home pages.

      The number of home pages is the same as the number of rows:

      homepages = rows
    2. Calculate the number of full remainder pages.

      First calculate the size of the row remainder with the following formula:

      remsize = rowsize - (pageuse + 8)

      If remsize is less than pageuse - 4, you have no full remainder pages.

      If remsize is greater than pageuse - 4, use remsize in the following formula to obtain the number of full remainder pages:

      fullrempages = rows * trunc(remsize/(pageuse - 8))
    3. Calculate the number of partial remainder pages.

      First calculate the size of a partial row remainder left after you have accounted for the home and full remainder pages for an individual row. In the following formula, the remainder() function notation indicates that you are to take the remainder after division:

      partremsize = remainder(rowsize/(pageuse - 8)) + 4

      The database server uses certain size thresholds with respect to the page size to determine how many partial remainder pages to use. Use the following formula to calculate the ratio of the partial remainder to the page:

      partratio = partremsize/pageuse 

      Use the appropriate formula in the following table to calculate the number of partial remainder pages.

      partratio Value Formula to Calculate the Number of Partial Remainder Pages
      Less than .1 partrempages = rows/(trunc((pageuse/10)/remsize) + 1)
      Less than .33 partrempages = rows/(trunc((pageuse/3)/remsize) + 1)
      .33 or larger partrempages = rows
    4. Add up the total number of pages with the following formula:
      tablesize = homepages + fullrempages + partrempages

Copyright© 2019 HCL Technologies Limited