Estimating memory needed for sorting

To calculate the amount of virtual shared memory that the database server might need for sorting, estimate the maximum number of sorts that might occur concurrently and multiply that number by the average number of rows and the average row size.

For example, if you estimate that 30 sorts could occur concurrently, the average row size is 200 bytes, and the average number of rows in a table is 400, you can estimate the amount of shared memory that the database server needs for sorting as follows:
30 sorts * 200 bytes * 400 rows = 2,400,000 bytes
You can use the DS_NONPDQ_QUERY_MEM configuration parameter to configure the amount sort memory available for non-PDQ queries.
Important: You can only use this parameter if the PDQ priority is set to zero. Its setting has no effect if the PDQ priority is greater than zero.

The minimum and default value of DS_NONPDQ_QUERY_MEM is 128 kilobytes. The maximum supported value is 25 percent of DS_TOTAL_MEMORY. For more information, see Configuring memory for queries with hash joins, aggregates, and other memory-intensive elements.

If the PDQ priority is greater than 0, the maximum amount of shared memory that the database server allocates for a sort is controlled by the memory grant manager (MGM). The MGM uses the settings of PDQ priority and the following configuration parameters to determine how much memory to grant for the sort:
  • DS_TOTAL_MEMORY
  • DS_MAX_QUERIES
  • MAX_PDQPRIORITY

For more information about allocating memory for parallel processing, see The allocation of resources for parallel database queries.


Copyright© 2019 HCL Technologies Limited