Limiting the number of concurrent scans

The database server apportions some number of scans to a query according to its PDQ priority (among other factors). You can adjust the value of the DS_MAX_SCANS configuration parameter to limit the number of concurrent scans.

The DS_MAX_SCANS and MAX_PDQPRIORITY configuration parameters allow you to limit the resources that users can assign to a query, according to the following formula:
scan_threads = min (nfrags, (DS_MAX_SCANS * (pdqpriority / 100)
   * (MAX_PDQPRIORITY / 100) )
nfrags
is the number of fragments in the table with the largest number of fragments.
pdqpriority
is the PDQ priority value set by either the PDQPRIORITY environment variable or the SET PDQPRIORITY statement.

For example, suppose a large table contains 100 fragments. With no limit on the number of concurrent scans allowed, the database server would concurrently execute 100 scan threads to read this table. In addition, many users could initiate this query.

As the database server administrator, you set the DS_MAX_SCANS configuration parameter to a value lower than the number of fragments in this table to prevent the database server from being flooded with scan threads by multiple decision-support queries. You can set DS_MAX_SCANS to 20 to ensure that the database server concurrently executes a maximum of 20 scan threads for parallel scans. Furthermore, if multiple users initiate parallel database queries, each query receives only a percentage of the 20 scan threads, according to the PDQ priority assigned to the query and the value for the MAX_PDQPRIORITY configuration parameter that the database server administrator sets.


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